The most cost effective market for LNG fueled vehicles in the United State are Class VIII trucks, refuse trucks and transit bus fleets that operate in the fourteen (14) regional non-attainment areas, as defined by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
This "niche market" has accounted for gross sales of over $300 million in LNG related fuel systems and fueling equipment since 1995. According to the Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition (NGVC), this market expansion will accelerate in the future due to additional State and Federal sponsored tax credits and recent Court decisions that will require Eastern States to comply with EPA and/or local air quality standards.
Market research, conducted by CFI indicates that the total population of fleet operated vehicles in the United States is over 11.28 million vehicles. Of this total the ideal, "candidate vehicles" for LNG are those that are operated and fueled out of a central terminal on a daily basis. Typically, the maximum number of LNG trucks or LNG buses operating from a central terminal is under 200 vehicles. The normal duty cycle of these fleets is a maximum operating range of up to 500 miles per day, a daily fuel use of 25 to 78 gallons (diesel) or, (39 to 120 gallons of LNG). The fleet owner provides all the required fuel at the central terminal, with service and fueling operations performed by their trained maintenance personnel.
There are over 4.6 million of these "candidate vehicles" that are operated in five distinct fleet business sectors that constitute the "LNG Niche Market".